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Is it good for women to work in a printing house

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Is it good for women to work in a printing house

点击量: 135 Release time: 2019-10-24 17:14 source: unknown clicks: 135

Printing plants are an area where occupational disease hazards are relatively complex. Printing technology has evolved from the past lead printing to the current laser phototypesetting and offset printing stages. It can be said that occupational hazards run through most of the printing process. We recommend: young unmarried and unborn girls are best not to go.

What are the hazards to the human body?

1. Working time and working intensity

Ordinary printing factories usually work 10-12 hours a day, Saturdays and Sundays. If you are a novice, if you are an apprentice, the average salary is more than 1,000. It is labor intensive and busy all day long, and the meal time is basically half an hour without rest. No place to sit!

2. Chemicals such as volatile organic solvents

Contact with people: color printing personnel, pre-press development operators, etc.

Today's printing and printing plants are basically the world of color printing, and it is color printing that gives operators more opportunities to come into contact with toxic and hazardous chemicals. Volatile organic solvents are the most dangerous, mostly hidden in inks. They contain organic solvents such as ethanol, isopropanol, toluene, xylene, etc. Organic solvents are volatile, especially for printed products with large inked areas and thick ink layers There are also many residual solvents, and the toxic substances released during use will pollute the air and damage people's health.

Secondly, although the printing pigments are small in particle size, they have strong adsorption capacity. The heavy metal elements such as lead, chromium, cadmium, and mercury contained in them also have certain toxicity. When the body's lead content accumulates to a certain level, chronic poisoning symptoms such as mental disorders, nightmares, insomnia, and headaches will occur. In severe cases, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, bloating, abdominal pain, and diarrhea will occur. Lead can also enter brain tissue through the blood, causing brain damage, which has a significant impact on children's intelligence.

3. Noise

Contact with the crowd: operator of the operating desk, post-press processing personnel

The noise is mainly caused by the printing equipment such as the rotary printing machine, and it is repeatedly exposed to strong noise for a long time, forming a hearing impairment that cannot be fully recovered or cannot be recovered, that is, noise-induced deafness. The enterprise must distribute the appropriate noise-proof labor protection products to the workers in the corresponding positions, such as noise-proof earmuffs and earplugs. The impact of noise on the human body mainly has two kinds of specific effects and non-specific effects. The effect of noise on the hearing organs is one of the specific effects. Generally hearing impairment should go through the stages of auditory adaptation to auditory fatigue and hearing impairment.

In addition, long-term exposure to strong noise, many people will also have headaches, dizziness, tinnitus, palpitations, fatigue, fatigue, irritability, sleep disturbances and other neurasthenia symptoms; gastrointestinal dysfunction, manifested by loss of appetite, weight loss, indigestion, etc. ; It can also affect changes in the cardiovascular system and endocrine system, for example, women may have menstrual cycle disorders. Studies have shown that to ensure the normal hearing of workers, it is best for workers to hear no more than 80 decibels and 16 kHz during the 8-hour work day.

4. Mechanical injury

Contact with the crowd: operator of the operating desk, post-press processing personnel

Printing plants use machinery instead of human hands. The use of machinery saves manpower, but the machinery itself has potential hazards. If used incorrectly, it will cause accidents.

Possible injury caused by the printing press: It is more likely that workers' bodies or long hair will be caught in the printing press. The printing press should be installed with protective devices. This device is interlocked with the transmission of the printing press; the ink roller and the conveying arm should be covered with shields; when performing maintenance work such as lubricating and lubricating the printing press, the power supply must be cut off and the warning sign must be hung before maintenance. maintenance.

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